Haiti: Mapping of Humanitarian Shelters

 

Project NAME Assessment and research on post-earthquake humanitarian shelter projects
FUNDING Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Luxembourg
SCOPE  This project serves to fulfill one of the IFRC-SRU key objectives that of mapping existing shelter solutions in a methodological manner to capture contextual, technical and material details and enter them into an online database of shelter solutions. This database makes available the relevant information to help practitioners in the field in future disasters plan and implement more adapted responses faster.
DURATION 12 months, December 2013 to December 2014

 

 Context

The earthquake that hit Haiti on Jan 12 2010, severely damaged the capital city Port-au-Prince, the towns Leogane, Grand and Petit Goave and Jacmel, caused some 220,000 dead and rendered some 1.5 mio people homeless.

In assistance to the Haitian Red Cross’ efforts to support the affected, the Federation of RCRC launched a huge shelter relief operation, providing 179,645 households with emergency shelter materials to mediate the immediate effects. In a coordinated operation with 16 National Societies, the Haitian Red Cross with support of the IFRC then proceeded to provide transitional shelters, repair damaged houses and help the affected people restore their neighbourhoods to better conditions than they were before. This operation resulted in 19,068 transitional shelters implemented by end of 2011, some of them as part of integrated neighbourhood rehabilitation programs that were launched to support recovery and reconstruction of the Haitian people.

Today, more than four years after the earthquake, Haiti presents a whole variety of transitional shelter solutions and sheltering approaches implemented by Red Cross Societies (and other actors) that allows for a methodological assessment and analysis allowing for comparisons and evaluation of performance towards different sets of criteria. As Haiti moves on into recovery and reconstruction, the invaluable experiences gathered by Haitian Red Cross and international shelter delegates in the immediate emergency response and during the implementation of these different transitional shelter projects, needs to be consolidated, analysed and made available in a comprehensible format.

The IFRC-SRU wants to ensure that the whole Red Cross Movement and the wider humanitarian shelter sector can capitalize on the Haiti experience. The Haiti experience is considered of particular interest because of the issues arising from the urban context, from which a lot of lessons need to be learned to inform best practices for future interventions.This project is a pilot project to test the developed format for consolidated data-collection and populate the online Shelter Solutions Database. Furthermore the collected data will be analyzed and presented in a comprehensible report to inform best practices and continuous learning.

 

Deliverables

  • Complete data of min 15 shelters implemented in Haiti entered into the data-base according to the provided format ;
  • Final report with analysis of the documented shelters (based on sample report format) ;
  • All documents and reference material sorted in a clear structure.
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